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In this video, you’re going to learn about finding your vocal range, even if you think you don’t have one.

Welcome to my channel, Learn To Sing Better, my name is Randy Rope.

In a moment I’m going to show you how to find your vocal range so you select songs to sing that make you sound incredible on stage.

And if you stay with me all the way, I’m also going to reveal, why the wrong vocal range can make you sound terrible on stage.

So why do you need to know your vocal range?

Let’s say that you’re looking for a song to sing and you want to sound your best.

If you know your vocal range, you can avoid songs that make you sound terrible and select songs that make you sound like a celebrity.

Knowing your vocal range also helps you to know which singers you should follow and listen to for inspiration.


If you follow a singer who has a different vocal range than you, you may end up with a singing style that doesn’t compliment your natural abilities.

Sort of like trying to force a square peg into a round hole.

If you have a lower range, you might want to listen to Barry White or Nick Cave.

Maybe you have a higher range and you should listen to Beyonce or Mariah Carey.

So now that you know why it’s important to find your vocal range to sing better, let’s dive into how you can find your vocal range.

How to find your vocal range.

Every singer’s vocal range will be unique for their voice.

There are 6 common voice types that you should know about.

Three are typically found in men and the other 3 found in women. Women typically have a Soprano, Mezzo-Soprano, or Alto sound which is a high voice.

Men typically have a Tenor, Baritone, or Bass sound which is a lower voice.

Seems logical because women typically have higher-pitched voices and men have lower-pitched voices.

If you’ve ever been part of a church choir, I’m sure that you already know about these ranges.


If you haven’t then you might be scratching your head wondering which voice “type” fits you.

The general rule is that your vocal range is the lowest note that you can sing, all the way up to the highest note that you can sing.

Even if you can reach notes within more than one vocal range, for comfort and to sound your best, stay with songs in your vocal range.

You probably have two questions in your head right now.

where is your voice most comfortable so you sound your best?

And, Where does your singing stop sounding great, even though you manage to squeak them out somehow?

Stay with me a little longer so I can help you find the answers.

Before I break down each voice type so you can find your type, you need to understand the numbering system on a piano keyboard.

This can get a little confusing and technical if I start talking about notes as “the second A above middle C”, so I will use a simpler method.

A commonly used technique is to accompany note names with their given Octave number on a piano keyboard.

For example, ‘Middle C’ is called C4 because it is the 4th C (starting from the Bass) upon the piano keyboard.

Once again, let’s review the voice types that usually break down across Male/Female lines.


The three male voice types are: Tenor, Baritone, or Bass

The three female voice types are: Soprano, Mezzo-Soprano, or Alto

Let’s break down the male voice types first, but ladies can also fall into these voice ranges, so please still listen.

Bass Voice Types

The ‘BASS’ sound is the lowest singing range.

It’s usually found between E2 to E4.

Notice where ‘Middle C’ is located which is in the middle of the keyboard.

There are lower and upper extremes of the bass voice type, starting from ‘Middle C’.

Think Barry White…

Baritone Voice Types

The ‘BARITONE’ sound is the second-lowest singing range.

It’s a little higher than ‘BASS’ and overlaps both ‘BASS’ and ‘TENOR’, which I will discuss next.

The ‘BARITONE’ voice type is the most common type of male voice.

Think David Bowie…


Tenor Voice Types

The ‘TENOR’ sound is the highest pitch type of male voice, which typically falls between C3 to C5.

Guys who sing tenor, usually have the most control over their head voice (called ‘falsetto’).

This ability allows them to reach high notes that sound very female-like.

Those who can sing higher than the average tenor are often given the title “countertenor.”

Think El DeBarge…

Let’s break down the female voice types next, but guys can also fall into these voice ranges, so please still listen.

Alto Voice Types

The ‘ALTO’ is the lowest type of female voice, sort of the ‘bass’ of the female range.

Typically the alto range falls in the F3 to F5 range on the keyboard.

Singers who can hit notes below this range are called “contralto’s” and can often sing in a range close to a tenor.

Altos and Mezzo-Sopranos (which I will discuss next) share a very similar range.

But, the Alto has a richer sounding voice than Mezzos.

Keep in mind that it’s all about where your voice is most comfortable.

For Altos, think Chaka Khan…


Mezzo-Soprano Voice Types

The ‘MEZZO-SOPRANO’ sound is the middle-range voice type for ladies.

This sound overlaps the Alto and Soprano ranges, Sopranos I will discuss next.

The typical range of this voice type is between A3 and A5.

Mezzo-Soprano is a very flexible range because many times the singer can dip into Alto and Soprano notes

For Mezzo-Soprano, think Adele…

Soprano Voice Types

The ‘SOPRANO’ sound is the highest singing voice range in the female category.

Your typical Soprano voice falls in the C4 and C6 range.

For Soprano, think Mariah Carey…


After you finish watching this entire video, spend some time experimenting with these different ranges.

Try to find where your voice feels most comfortable and you will find your vocal range

So, what happens if you don’t find your vocal range?

Most singers have a trouble spot in their voice because they try to sing outside of their range.

We call this area the ‘vocal break’.

You know you hit that ‘vocal break’ when your voice “cracks” or “flips” when you sing notes in this area.

Listen to Mariah’s vocal break here…

So as you experiment to find your vocal range, take note of where your voice breaks are.

Here’s what you need to understand if you have a vocal break in your voice,

Vocal breaks tend to happen when you go from a low note to a higher note.

The crack you hear occurs when your vocal cords can’t vibrate as quickly as need them to.

This can happen in some pretty predictable places as you sing.

Most guy’s voices tend to break around an E4.

Most lady’s voice seems to break around an A4.

Once you know your vocal range, you can select songs that match what your vocal cords can handle.

If your range isn’t quite as large as you want, don’t worry.

Almost anyone can expand their vocal range, but for now, use what I showed you to find your vocal range.

Randy Rope
Randy Rope

Ready to sound as good or better than your favorite celebrity? If you want a voice that shocks everyone around you, so that you get praises when you walk off stage. Get my FREE 10-Part Video Series: “How To Get a Voice That Shocks Everyone Around You!”